Diseases, Drugs and Nutritional Deficiencies that increase Depression risk
Although depression is a complex disease, research and other methods of learning about it have uncovered some things that can increase the chances of developing it. This is crucial information to aid people in preventing it or helping to lessen it. Depression can worsen the outcomes of some diseases such as heart attacks, and impact the quality of life.
The following disorders can cause or contribute to depression:
- Parkinson’s disease, stroke, normal pressure hydrocephalus, dementia
- Coronary artery disease, heart failure, TB, viral pneumonia, a high calcium level, low sodium or low potassium level
- Diabetes, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, cancer – especially GI or pancreatic
- Hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, liver or kidney disease, adrenal disorders
- Rheumatoid arthritis, hip fracture, hepatitis, urinary tract infections
- Chronic pain – and depression can increase pain
- Stressors alone don’t contribute to the risk for depression but combined with a lack of social support can contribute to it.
There are also some medications that can cause depression or at least increase the risk of it developing. Those taking such medications should consult their health care provider if they suspect they have depression. Here are some of the medications that have been linked to depression:
Opioids and opiates including hydrocodone, barbiturates, benzodiazepines for anxiety
Indomethacin, beta blockers, digitalis, methyldopa, levodopa for Parkinson’s disease
Alcohol – those over age 65 are particularly sensitive to the adverse effects of alcohol including depression because of decreased breakdown of it
Cimetidine (for ulcers), estrogen, some chemotherapy agents, and corticosteroids such as prednisone
A lack of certain nutrients has also been associated with an increased risk of depression. Folate – a B vitamin, vitamin B12, iron, and vitamin D deficiencies have all been found to increase the risk of depression. And those with depression are more apt to not eat properly including not getting all the nutrients they need.